CCC or 3C (CCC认证) is a compulsory product certification system implemented by the Chinese government in accordance with relevant WTO agreements and international trade rules to protect consumer personal safety, animal and plant life, protect the environment, and protect national security.
Three letters C represent three English words: China (China), Compulsory (mandatory) and Certification (certification), which together means "Chinese Compulsory Certification". It should be noted that the 3C mark is not a quality mark, but a basic safety certificate.
Certification refers to the activity of conformity assessment, during which the certification body proves that products, services and management systems comply with the relevant technical specifications, mandatory requirements or standards of the relevant technical specifications. Certification can be divided into product certification, service certification and management system certification, based on the "Product Quality Law of the People's Republic of China", "The People's Republic of China Import and Export Goods Inspection Law", "The People's Republic of China Standardization Law", and " Law of the People's Republic of China on the Inspection of Import and Export Commodities".
Compulsory product certification refers to the implementation of mandatory testing and auditing of products listed in the "Catalogue", by compiling a product catalog for mandatory product certification and implementing mandatory product certification procedures. All products listed in the Compulsory Product Certification Catalog that have not received a designated certification body's certification and have not added a certification mark in accordance with regulations should not be imported, sold from the factory, or used in business service locations. .
The Compulsory Product Certification System is a product conformity assessment system implemented by the Chinese government in accordance with laws and regulations in order to protect consumer, animal and plant life, environmental protection and national security.
The application for 3C certification is divided into written application and online application (at cqc.com.cn). The application contains up-to-date information about the applicant, manufacturer, manufacturer and product. For the products of each model unit, applications must be submitted separately. Products of the same model from different manufacturers should also be submitted separately.
Upon receipt of a qualified application, the certification body will send a notification of acceptance to the applicant to notify the applicant of the need to send or post the relevant documents and materials. At the same time, the certification body sends out appropriate fees and notices. The applicant must provide information to the certification body as needed.
The company is usually required to provide the following materials: general assembly drawings, electrical diagrams, circuit diagrams, etc., key components or a list of basic raw materials; description of differences between products of different models in the same application unit; other necessary documents; OS certificates and reports (if available).
1) Application for certification and acceptance
This is the beginning of the certification process. The applicant submits a formal written application to the designated certification body, submits technical documents and certification samples in accordance with the rules for conducting certification and the requirements of the certification body, and signs the relevant agreements with the certification body on related matters (may be combined with the application).
Applicants for certification can be manufacturers, importers and sellers of products. If the applicant is not the manufacturer of the product, he must sign with the manufacturer of the product the relevant documents regarding the conduct of certification, and arrange for document verification, sample testing, factory verification, use of the logo and supervision after certification. The applicant may also appoint an agent to submit the application for certification, but the agent must obtain a CNCA registration qualification.
2) Type tests
Type testing is an essential part of the certification process. If the product is a special product, such as a chemical product, the type test will be replaced by a sampling test. Type testing is carried out by a specially designated testing agency in accordance with the rules for certification and the requirements of the certification agency.
In special circumstances, such as large products and complex transportation, type testing can also be carried out by the certification body in accordance with the requirements of the CNCA using factory resources. In principle, one test report is for one type test item, but only one test is required for the same product from the same applicant and from different production sites.
3) Factory inspection
Factory inspection is an important link to confirm the validity of certification. Factory inspection is carried out by the certification body or a designated inspection body in accordance with the requirements of the certification rules.
The factory inspection consists of two parts, the first is a product integrity check, including checking the product structure, specifications and models, important materials or parts, and the second is a check of the factory's quality assurance capabilities. In principle, a factory inspection will be carried out after the completion of product testing.
In special circumstances, according to the requirements of the applicant, the certification body may also arrange a factory inspection in advance and, if necessary, make appropriate arrangements for the inspection man-day. For enterprises that have received a management system certification from a designated certification body, the verification of the system part of their quality assurance capabilities may be simplified or omitted.
4) Sampling and testing
Sampling is a link in product design that is not suitable for type testing. When the consistency of a product is questioned during a factory inspection, for the convenience of businesses, sampling is usually done at the factory inspection or at the request of the applicant. , staff can be sent in advance. Take samples and do a factory check after passing the test.
5) Evaluation and approval of certification results
The certification body shall assess the results of tests and factory inspection, make a decision on certification and notify the applicant. In principle, the time from the date of acceptance of the application for certification by the certification body to the decision on certification should not exceed 90 days.
6) Supervision after certification.
To ensure the continued validity of certification, certified products should be monitored after certification according to their characteristics. Detailed provisions are contained in the rules for certification. It is worth noting that post-certification supervision includes two parts, namely, verification of product conformity and verification of factory quality assurance capabilities.
For products that are specially processed for export under a foreign trade contract, there is no need to apply for mandatory certification, but for the rest of the products that cannot be exported, they must obtain a CCC certificate before they can be sold at the factory.
As a general rule, the designated certification body must decide on certification and notify the applicant within 90 days of accepting the application for certification.
During the validity period of the certification certificate, the certification body revokes the certification certificate in the following cases:
1) The certification rules or relevant standards, technical regulations are changed, and the certificate holder believes that the product cannot meet the above change requirements;
2) The certified product is no longer produced;
3) The certificate has expired and the certificate holder has not applied for renewal;
4) Certificate holder applies for revocation
During the validity period of the certification certificate, the certification body suspends the certification certificate in the following cases:
1) Refusal to use certification certificates and certification marks as required
2) Violation of the rules for certification and the requirements of designated certification bodies.
3) The result of supervision and verification indicates non-compliance with the requirements of the certification rules.
During the validity period of the certificate, the certificate is revoked in the following cases:
1) No corrective action was taken during the suspension period.
2) The results of the supervision confirm the presence of serious defects in the product.
3) Serious quality violations caused by defects