The director of the Hainan Provincial Environment Department said on television that 33 key institutional achievements identified in the National Environmental Civilization Experimental Zone Implementation Plan (Hainan) were released in 2020, including the Department-led "Ban on Plastics". Nine institutional reform measures for innovation, including “rural wastewater treatment”, have been promoted at the national level. In 2020, the proportion of clean days in Hainan province reached a new high, and the proportion of days with good ambient air quality reached 99.5%, the highest level since the introduction of the new air quality standard.
The concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in the province is 13 micrograms / cubic meter, which is the first achievement of the national level 1 standard. Wuzhishan City became the first city and county in Hainan Province to have PM2.5 in single digits. In 2020, the state-controlled surface water section will have an excellent rate of 100%, the urban (urban) centralized drinking water source has a compliance rate of 100%, and urban inland rivers and lakes have a compliance rate of 91.3%, an increase of 49.1 % of the initial period of the "thirteenth five-year plan". Strengthen control of marine pollution. Initially, the system of responsibility and the mechanism of work of the "Chief's Bay" were established.
To help control the total amount of pollutants entering the sea in key sea areas, and pilot work in Haikou, Sanya and Danzhou is proceeding in an orderly manner. As a unique geographic unit, Hainan Province is said to have natural conditions to resist climate change and protect the environment, from the perspective of advancing action to reduce carbon emissions in the future. At the same time, as a pilot zone for a national ecological civilization, it should strive to reflect Hainan's “responsibility” in responding to climate change and take the lead in achieving peak carbon and carbon neutrality.
It is necessary to use the reduction of carbon emissions as a source of governance, realize synergies in reducing pollution and carbon, promote accelerated adjustments to the industrial structure, energy structure, transport structure and agricultural structure, and promote a comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development and continuous improvement. the quality of the ecological environment. Conduct a qualitative study on a zero-carbon free trade port strategy.
Vigorously promote research and pilot projects on carbon sinks in marine, forest and other ecosystems, and gradually establish and improve carbon sink trading and carbon inclusion mechanisms. In addition, Hainan Province will systematically improve its environmental monitoring and assessment capabilities, and establish and improve a monitoring and assessment system that meets the needs of the construction of free trade ports.
Create an intelligent information platform for environmental surveillance. Strengthen advanced scientific and technological research on the environmental environment and continue to conduct air pollution source analysis, research on persistent organic pollutants, antibiotics, microplastics and other emerging pollutants and risk assessments. Implement a project to build the capacity of local research institutions and actively create an open international environmental research institution. Strengthen training and staff exchange, as well as improve the business capabilities of staff in the environmental system.
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