If you are engaged in legal activities and do not violate the laws of China, and you have all the necessary documents, you have a chance to get the Chinese visa you need (if you get it at the embassy or consulate or residence permit (if you get it in China), while it is possible transition from one category of visa (permit) to another category of residence permit, if there are no direct prohibitions on this established by the regulations of the PRC, subject to the requirements of the Law of the People's Republic of China "On Exit and Entry" and other Chinese regulations.
In accordance with Art. 21 of the Law of the People's Republic of China "On Exit and Entry":
Foreigners who have any of the following circumstances will not be granted a visa:
(1) Persons who have been deported from the country or have been deported from the country but have not yet reached the entry ban deadline;
(2) Persons suffering from severe mental disorders, infectious pulmonary tuberculosis or other infectious diseases that may cause serious harm to public health;
(3) Those who may endanger China's national security and interests, disrupt public order, or engage in other illegal or criminal activities;
(4) Forged during the visa application process or cannot guarantee the expenses required during the stay in China;
(5) Failure to submit relevant materials required by the visa authority;
(6) Other circumstances in which the visa authority considers it inappropriate to issue a visa.
The most uncertain is paragraph 6 of Article 21, that is, in fact, the Chinese visa authority (Consulate or Department of exit-entry) is endowed with this paragraph with the broadest powers, in accordance with which it can determine the reasons for not issuing visas (permits) to foreigners, so all issues must be resolved specifically at your visa authority, it is he who is authorized to make the final decision on the visa.
But it is possible to classify the main reasons for the refusal to issue a visa (permit) to foreigners (according to the experience of foreigners) as follows:
1. Materials are incomplete.
To minimize the impact of the human factor on obtaining a visa, the requirements for materials for applying are clearly stated in the visa authority. If the application materials are incomplete, they will be asked to supplement or even refuse to issue a visa.
2. Errors in the visa application form.
When applying for a visa, the application form is the most important document because it is the basis for the official who decides whether to grant you a visa. Inaccurate information such as spelling errors, incorrect passport numbers, or invalid addresses may result in visa denial.
3. The material is not true.
The visa authority must confirm the authenticity of the materials provided when submitting documents. If it turns out that the materials are not true, you will be denied one hundred percent.
4. The purpose of entry or stay of foreigners in China is unclear.
There is a high probability that a foreigner will be engaged in activities not declared for this type of visa.
5. Financial reasons
The visa officer will consider whether you can afford the costs associated with your stay in China and the likelihood of your visa being denied is very high.
6. Application for a visa in the wrong category.
This is one of the most common mistakes people make when filling out visa applications. It is very important to select the appropriate visa category in the application form and submit the relevant documents. Different visa categories have different requirements. Read carefully and clearly understand the scope of each visa, and then indicate the category of visa. Submit relevant documents by category.
7. Applicant from a sensitive country
Applicants from countries with frequent wars, terrorist attacks, political unrest, or countries with strained relations with China increase the likelihood of visa rejection.
8. The applicant has a criminal record.
Having a criminal record does not mean that all applications will be rejected. However, if the applicant commits a very serious crime, the likelihood of rejection will increase significantly. The offense usually does not have this effect if you are only applying for a tourist visa.
9. Bad past visas.
Applicants have overstayed their visas or been blacklisted in any country.
10. The applicant's state of health is poor.
The applicant has some infectious disease. In most cases, applications for a short-stay visa, such as a tourist or business visa, are not difficult. However, for work or student visas, this can be a problem, even if Chinese law does not explicitly state this.
11. Interview unqualified.
During the visa officer interview, the visa officer will re-evaluate your application based on your responses. If during the interview you answer important questions incorrectly or are too nervous to prevent the interviewer from getting information, you may not be able to get a visa.
But remember, all you need to do is explain to the interviewer that you have enough materials and a clear goal to clear the visa officer's doubts.