China's major mobile operators China Mobile, China Unicom and Telecom, when selling SIM cards, are guided by the principle that the use of all mobile phone cards can only be used with real user names, therefore, all SIM cards are only sold directly to the user upon presentation of their original ID ( for a foreigner - a foreign passport). The reason for this is that telecom fraud is too widespread.
Although many foreigners in the Russian Federation and other countries use virtual Chinese numbers from virtual mobile operators, it is difficult to use such virtual numbers for a long time, and if you register your Wechat for this number, then you can then lose it if another person uses the same virtual number. Therefore, the use of virtual Chinese numbers is not legal, since this virtual number is not issued directly to the user.
To obtain a Chinese mobile number, you need to apply directly to the office of the Chinese mobile operator abroad, in particular in Russia, China Mobile International (Russia) was registered on December 15, 2017. Earlier, China Mobile's biggest competitors, China Unicom and China Telecom, entered the Russian market. They registered their subsidiaries in Russia in 2017 and 2012 respectively.
BUT, an important point is that at present, Chinese mobile operators do not have the right (do not have the appropriate licenses) to provide mobile telecommunications services for citizens of the Russian Federation, so far they provide their services only to Chinese companies in the Russian Federation.
WHY HAVE THE CHINESE MOBILE OPERATORS NOT ENTERED THE MARKET OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OR OTHER COUNTRIES YET?
REASON - DIFFERENCE OF FREQUENCY BANDS!
Mobile phone card frequency range:
4G network dual channel cards: TD-LTE (telecommunications), FDD-LTE (unicom) 3G network usage: telecommunications (CDMA2000), China Unicom 3G (WCDMA, international roaming only), 2G telecommunications (CDMA)
Supported Bands: 2G: CDMA 800, 2G: GSM900/ 1800/1900, 3G: CDMA EVDO 800, 4G: TD-LTE B41 (1755-1785MHZ, Telecom), 4G: FDD-LTE B3 (1850-1880MHz, China Unicom) ))
Frequency ranges of maps of the main operators:
Beeline (FDD B20 (839.5-847/ 798.5-806), B7 (2540-2550/ 2660-2670), TDD B38 (2595-2620))
MTS (FDD B20 ( 839.5–847/ 798.5–806), B7 (2540–2550/ 2660–2670), TDD B38 (2595–2620))
Megaphone (FDD B20 (847-854.5/ 806-813.5), B7 (2530-2540/ 2650-2660), TDD B38 (2570-2595)
Therefore, Chinese mobile operators will begin to provide mobile communication services to citizens of the Russian Federation after they resolve the issues that are described above and now it is still impossible to legally purchase a Chinese SIM card in Russia in the name of a foreigner