The State Duma of Russia immediately adopted in the second and third readings a law that simplifies the regulation of the import of goods into the territory of the Russian Federation and the customs territory of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU). The law was developed as part of the second package of anti-crisis measures and is aimed at supporting participants in foreign economic activity under sanctions. The document will come into force from the day of its official publication.
Also, the Ministry of Industry and Trade of Russia has developed a draft resolution, according to which the country will abolish responsibility for parallel imports - the importation of goods without the permission of the copyright holder. True, this will affect only those goods that are required "to saturate the consumer market."
The list of products will be determined on the basis of proposals from interested federal executive bodies.
According to the new law, the right to import a multi-component product within the framework of several foreign economic transactions is granted for six years. The need to fulfill the obligation to pay customs duties and taxes in respect of participants in foreign economic activity (FEA) is excluded if they have been doing this for less than a year. Participants in foreign economic activity who have paid a cash deposit upon release of goods are exempted from paying a penalty fee in the event that the customs authority charges additional customs payments based on the results of a customs examination. The procedure for issuing classification decisions by customs authorities is being shortened.
The Government of the Russian Federation is vested with the authority to determine the cases (conditions) for granting a deferment (installment plan) for the payment of the amount of debt for the payment of customs duties, cases when the declarant of goods placed under the customs procedure of a free warehouse can be a person who is not the owner of a free warehouse, as well as by definition investment projects, which may be subject to release prior to filing a declaration for goods, and priority activities for the implementation of investment projects, in respect of which a tariff exemption may be granted for the import of technological equipment, components and spare parts.
To minimize additional risks associated with the formation of a logistics supply chain, the law expands the application of the experiment conducted in the Kaliningrad region to label alcoholic products imported into the Russian Federation on the territory of the Russian Federation with the establishment of the government's right to determine the territories where such an experiment is carried out. It also provides for an extension of the experiment until May 31, 2024.
The law provides for an increase in the period for applying federal special stamps and importing labeled alcoholic products into the Russian Federation from nine to eighteen months, with the establishment of such a rule until May 31, 2024. Until December 31, 2023, the requirement that the applicant has no arrears in taxes, fees, insurance premiums, arrears in penalties, fines and interest for violation of the legislation on taxes and fees or arrears in the payment of customs duties, special, anti-dumping, countervailing duties, penalties will be suspended and percent, which is now in effect for the issuance of federal special stamps.